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Roman Stone Netherlands
Saturday 11 September 2004
Bunnik
Memorial Stone to Viradecdis
Good access for the disabledFree access to the monument
Roman name: -
Roman Province: Germania Inferior
Country: The Netherlands
Province: Utrecht
Nearest town: Utrecht
Nearest village: Bunnik
 

The original stone from the Rijksmuseum of Oudheden in Leiden.Located on the cyclepath to the south of the Koningsweg, the road from Utrecht to Bunnik, stands a new replica of an ancient memorial stone. This stone was once dedicated to the god(ess) Viradecdis by sailors from Tungria (modern Tongeren, near Liege/Luik in Belgium) in recognition of some pledges they made. Apparently these people lived in the vicus around castellum Fectio, which shows there was ample traffic to this port. Viradecdis is also known as a Batavian godess, whom the Batavian rebel Claudius Civilis promised a memorial stone when he won a victory over the Romans in Ad 69. She was probably a Tungrian deity, becayse a similar shrine, dedicated by Tungrians to Viratetis, is known from Hadrian's wall.

A reverent gesture to Viradecdis.
A reverent gesture to Viradecdis.
The stone from the front.
The stone from the front.
One of the 4 text signs.
One of the 4 text signs.

Right: the original stone from the Rijksmuseum of Oudheden in Leiden.

Chariovalda and Viradecdis.
Chariovalda and Viradecdis.
The Inscription:

DEAE
VIRIDECDI
CIVES TVNGRI
ET NAVTAE Q VI
FECTIONE
CONSISTVNT
V.S.L.M.

To the god Viradecdis
have the citizens of
Tongeren who live at
Fectio fulfilled their
promise gladly and with
reason

The visit

We had been doing a promotion in Wijk bij Duurstede that day, when a former architect told us about the memorial. I had not heard of it yet, so when we had some spare time that afternoon we went to see it.
Coming from the fort and the direction of Bunnik (east) we had to drive to the next crossing, doubling back across the cyclepath to the last house, where the monument is located.
We found it a very nice stone, well-placed with good explanations on the signs.

Bibliography

  • Hessing, Wilfied et al (1997): Romeinen langs de Snelweg: Bouwstenen voor Vechtens Verleden, (ROB, Uniepers Abcoude).

VortigernStudies is copyright Robert Vermaat 1999. All rights reserved